American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

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Study on Flame Retardants and Flame Retardant Technology of Wood-Based Panels

Received: 15 February 2023    Accepted: 1 March 2023    Published: 15 March 2023
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Abstract

At present, a large number of wood-based panels are used for flooring and building decoration. When a building fires, wood-based panels burn and emit a large amount of heat, making the flame spread rapidly, causing a large number of casualties and major economic losses. Therefore, a large number of combustible and flammable wood-based panels used in the interior decoration of buildings are potential fire hazards. China stipulates that the use of wood-based panels in high-rise buildings must undergo flame retardant treatment. Flame retardant board is a special kind of man-made board. At present, the mainstream flame retardant board products on the market include flame retardant density board and flame retardant plywood. Flame retardant board has stable chemical properties, high ignition point and corrosion resistance. In the production process of flame retardant board, some manufacturing processes can be used to integrate flame retardant into the board, so it has good flame retardancy. At present, flame-retardant panels are rarely used in ordinary household decoration, and most of them are used in public building projects. The flame retardant panel has a high ignition point, which can effectively control the fire process and reduce smoke and toxic gas in case of fire. With the continuous improvement of consumers' awareness of fire safety, the demand for flame retardant board market is increasing year by year, with broad market development prospects. As the main material of wood floor, furniture, and interior decoration in China, the output and demand of ordinary plywood are increasing rapidly. This paper introduces the classification and flame retardant principle of wood-based panels, analyzes the commonly used wood flame retardants and flame retardant treatment methods, and forecasts the future development trend of flame retardants and flame retardant technology, in order to better promote the rapid development of the domestic wood-based panel industry.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11
Published in American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering (Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2023)
Page(s) 1-5
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Flame Retardant, Wood-Based Panels, Mechanism, Treatment, Wood Floor

References
[1] Zhao C. G. 2018. Evaluation of Combustion Performance of Wood-based Panels and Products [J]. China Wood-Based Panels, 4: 18-21.
[2] Xu, Z. H. He, L. H. Zhong, W. H. Hu, T. Y. and Lu, C. X. 2020. Comprehensive analysis of combustion performance and environmental performance of campus furniture panels [J]. Fire Science and Technology, 4: 170-173.
[3] Li, G. P. Cheng, Q. and Liu, Y. 2004. Some Issues in Research and Exploitation of Fire Retardant Reconstituted Panels in China [J]. China Forest Products Industry, 4: 17-20.
[4] Xu, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, G. Zhang X. Luo J. Li J. Z. Shi, S. Q. and Gao, Q. 2022. Preparation of a strong soy protein adhesive with mildew proof, flame-retardant, and electromagnetic shielding properties via constructing nanophase-reinforced organic-inorganic hybrid structure [J]. Chemical Engineering Journal, 447: 137536-137557.
[5] Pang, H. Ma, C. Shen, Y. Sun, Y. Li, J. Z. Cai, L. and Huang Z. 2021. Novel bionic soy protein-based adhesive with excellent prepressing adhesion, flame retardancy, and mildew resistance [J]. ACS Applied Material and Interfaces, 13: 38732-38744.
[6] Zhao P. W. and G. Q. Xu. 2022. Application of Nanotechnology to Wood Preservation [J]. World Forestry Research, 35 (1): 56-62.
[7] Zhang, X. W. Liu, Y. Q. Ye, J. Y. Zhan, X. X. Luo, L. P. Lu, M. L. Wen, Y. L. Cao, J. P. and Xu, Y. L. 2021. Research on Manufacturing Technology for PE Film Adhesive Multilaminar Decorative Veneered Difficult-flammble Plywood [J]. Forestry Machinery & Woodworking Equipment, 4: 53-56.
[8] Tang, Q. H. Lu, X. Z. Guo, W. J. and Fang, L. 2020. Research on the combustion characteristics of high density fiberboard treated with MPP and AP [J]. Journal of Forestry Engineering, 7: 29-35.
[9] Zhang, S. D. Ren Z. Z. and Wang M. Z. 2021. Effect of zeolite precursor on properties of oriented strand board [J]. Journal of Forestry Engineering, 8: 49-56.
[10] Tang Q. H. and Guo, W. J. 2021. Effect of the Melamine Polyphosphate and Aluminum Hypophosphite on the Mechanical and Flame-retardant Properties of High Density Fiberboard [J]. Materials Reports, 6: 16166-16171.
[11] Wang, Y. M. 2021. Multi-purpose resins [J]. International Wood Industry, 2: 26-27.
[12] Chen J. 2020. Study on modification of poplar plywood with multifunctional wood protector [D]. Guizhou Univeristy, Guizhou.
[13] Gu, Z. J. Jiang, B. Zhu, P. Sun X. and Lian H. L. 2016. Preparation and application of Mg/Al-LDHs nano flame retardant in veneer wood-based panel [J]. Journal of Forestry Engineering, 6: 39-44.
[14] Tang, Q. H. Ren, Y. P. and Guo W. J. 2021. Melamine polyphosphate and aluminium phosphinate synergistic flame retardant high density fiberboard composite [J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 9: 84-92.
[15] Qu, W. and Wu, Y. Z. 2017. Study of Preparation of Overlaid Wood-based Panels with Flame Retardant Impregnated Paper [J]. China Wood-Based Panels, 5: 7-10.
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  • APA Style

    Tongxiu Shi, Zhiyong Zheng, Kaijie Zheng, Kaixuan Zheng, Kaisen Zheng, et al. (2023). Study on Flame Retardants and Flame Retardant Technology of Wood-Based Panels. American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 7(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11

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    ACS Style

    Tongxiu Shi; Zhiyong Zheng; Kaijie Zheng; Kaixuan Zheng; Kaisen Zheng, et al. Study on Flame Retardants and Flame Retardant Technology of Wood-Based Panels. Am. J. Mech. Mater. Eng. 2023, 7(1), 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11

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    AMA Style

    Tongxiu Shi, Zhiyong Zheng, Kaijie Zheng, Kaixuan Zheng, Kaisen Zheng, et al. Study on Flame Retardants and Flame Retardant Technology of Wood-Based Panels. Am J Mech Mater Eng. 2023;7(1):1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11,
      author = {Tongxiu Shi and Zhiyong Zheng and Kaijie Zheng and Kaixuan Zheng and Kaisen Zheng and Zhe Sun and Yan Sun},
      title = {Study on Flame Retardants and Flame Retardant Technology of Wood-Based Panels},
      journal = {American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering},
      volume = {7},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-5},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajmme.20230701.11},
      abstract = {At present, a large number of wood-based panels are used for flooring and building decoration. When a building fires, wood-based panels burn and emit a large amount of heat, making the flame spread rapidly, causing a large number of casualties and major economic losses. Therefore, a large number of combustible and flammable wood-based panels used in the interior decoration of buildings are potential fire hazards. China stipulates that the use of wood-based panels in high-rise buildings must undergo flame retardant treatment. Flame retardant board is a special kind of man-made board. At present, the mainstream flame retardant board products on the market include flame retardant density board and flame retardant plywood. Flame retardant board has stable chemical properties, high ignition point and corrosion resistance. In the production process of flame retardant board, some manufacturing processes can be used to integrate flame retardant into the board, so it has good flame retardancy. At present, flame-retardant panels are rarely used in ordinary household decoration, and most of them are used in public building projects. The flame retardant panel has a high ignition point, which can effectively control the fire process and reduce smoke and toxic gas in case of fire. With the continuous improvement of consumers' awareness of fire safety, the demand for flame retardant board market is increasing year by year, with broad market development prospects. As the main material of wood floor, furniture, and interior decoration in China, the output and demand of ordinary plywood are increasing rapidly. This paper introduces the classification and flame retardant principle of wood-based panels, analyzes the commonly used wood flame retardants and flame retardant treatment methods, and forecasts the future development trend of flame retardants and flame retardant technology, in order to better promote the rapid development of the domestic wood-based panel industry.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Study on Flame Retardants and Flame Retardant Technology of Wood-Based Panels
    AU  - Tongxiu Shi
    AU  - Zhiyong Zheng
    AU  - Kaijie Zheng
    AU  - Kaixuan Zheng
    AU  - Kaisen Zheng
    AU  - Zhe Sun
    AU  - Yan Sun
    Y1  - 2023/03/15
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11
    T2  - American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
    JF  - American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
    JO  - American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
    SP  - 1
    EP  - 5
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2639-9652
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmme.20230701.11
    AB  - At present, a large number of wood-based panels are used for flooring and building decoration. When a building fires, wood-based panels burn and emit a large amount of heat, making the flame spread rapidly, causing a large number of casualties and major economic losses. Therefore, a large number of combustible and flammable wood-based panels used in the interior decoration of buildings are potential fire hazards. China stipulates that the use of wood-based panels in high-rise buildings must undergo flame retardant treatment. Flame retardant board is a special kind of man-made board. At present, the mainstream flame retardant board products on the market include flame retardant density board and flame retardant plywood. Flame retardant board has stable chemical properties, high ignition point and corrosion resistance. In the production process of flame retardant board, some manufacturing processes can be used to integrate flame retardant into the board, so it has good flame retardancy. At present, flame-retardant panels are rarely used in ordinary household decoration, and most of them are used in public building projects. The flame retardant panel has a high ignition point, which can effectively control the fire process and reduce smoke and toxic gas in case of fire. With the continuous improvement of consumers' awareness of fire safety, the demand for flame retardant board market is increasing year by year, with broad market development prospects. As the main material of wood floor, furniture, and interior decoration in China, the output and demand of ordinary plywood are increasing rapidly. This paper introduces the classification and flame retardant principle of wood-based panels, analyzes the commonly used wood flame retardants and flame retardant treatment methods, and forecasts the future development trend of flame retardants and flame retardant technology, in order to better promote the rapid development of the domestic wood-based panel industry.
    VL  - 7
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Lanling Jiesen Decoration Materials Co., Ltd, Linyi, China; Shandong Yisen Meiju New Material Technology Co., Ltd, Linyi, China

  • Lanling Jiesen Decoration Materials Co., Ltd, Linyi, China; Shandong Yisen Meiju New Material Technology Co., Ltd, Linyi, China

  • Lanling Jiesen Decoration Materials Co., Ltd, Linyi, China; Shandong Yisen Meiju New Material Technology Co., Ltd, Linyi, China

  • Lanling Jiesen Decoration Materials Co., Ltd, Linyi, China; Shandong Yisen Meiju New Material Technology Co., Ltd, Linyi, China

  • Lanling Jiesen Decoration Materials Co., Ltd, Linyi, China; Shandong Yisen Meiju New Material Technology Co., Ltd, Linyi, China

  • Lanling Jiesen Decoration Materials Co., Ltd, Linyi, China; Shandong Yisen Meiju New Material Technology Co., Ltd, Linyi, China

  • College of Art, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, China

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